Turkey in Short
A move to Turkey may be triggered by a desire for a change in lifestyle: a long awaited opportunity to
change pace, improve the quality of life, spend more time with loved ones, or explore new ventures.
A big draw to the lifestyle is the relatively low cost of living. For example, fresh produce is high
quality and good value for money, while dining out is extremely reasonable.
Some parts of Turkey enjoy a pleasant climate for most of the year and the country's varied geography,
with over 8,000 km of coastline and mountain ranges further inland, allows for an array of recreational
outdoor activities. The culture is a rich blend of European, middle Eastern and Asian influences steeped
in centuries of history, and the cities offer all manner of diversions from art exhibits and
world-famous architecture to a vast array of nightlife options.
ABOUT TURKEY – OVERVIEW
Turkey, country that occupies a unique geographic position, lying partly in Asia and partly in Europe.
Throughout its history it has acted as both a barrier and a bridge between the two continents.
Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey is a transcontinental country located mainly on the Anatolian
peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeastern Europe. East
Thrace, the part of Turkey in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosporus and
the Dardanelles (collectively called the Turkish Straits). Istanbul, which straddles Europe and Asia, is
the largest city in the country while Ankara is the capital. Turkey is bordered on its northwest by
Greece and Bulgaria; north by the Black Sea; northeast by Georgia; east by Armenia, the Azerbaijani
exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran; southeast by Iraq and Syria; south by the Mediterranean Sea; and west by
the Aegean Sea. Approximately 70 to 80% of the country's citizens identify as Turkish, while Kurds are
the largest minority at anywhere from 15 to 20% of the population.
Turkey has seven regions: the Aegean, Mediterranean, Black Sea, Marmara, central Anatolian, eastern
Anatolian, and south-eastern Anatolian. Records show that overseas home buyers rarely purchase property
in the South-eastern, central and east Anatolian regions. As landlocked areas, foreigners who want to
buy a property generally gravitate towards coastal destinations instead. Those areas are also culturally
different and the housing market is far behind in terms of architecture, modern and new builds.
Instead three regions, in particular, stand out as the most popular.
Marmara: Rocking in at first place, the Marmara region is a significant player in its camp, namely
Turkey’s most prominent and busiest city: Istanbul. As the centre of tourism, education, business,
trade, economy, and health, investors are easily attracted.
Mediterranean: As the second most popular region for foreign house buyers, the Mediterranean coastline
includes a splattering of towns, villages and cities that appeal to overseas buyers of many
nationalities. The Antalya district garners fame as the most popular thanks to its large city centre and
smaller coastal resorts like Belek that is Turkey’s golfing capital.
Aegean: Heading around to Turkey’s western coast, the Aegean is another favourite destination for
European buyers with many purchasing holiday apartments and villas on the Bodrum peninsula. It’s easy to
understand its appeal since, for decades, its hedonistic reputation has attracted carefree spirits from
all over Turkey and the world.
Bodrum town centre offers upmarket homes for sale, but in recent years, its popularity as a luxury
destination slipped to second place as Yalikavak overtook as the place to be seen and heard. Other
favourite destinations in Bodrum include Gumbet, Golturkbuku, Torba, Bitez, Gumusluk and Gundogan.
Brits also dominate the house buying scene in Altinkum, a small Aegean coastal resort offering low prices
per square meter. Otherwise, as people look to distance themselves from Istanbul, Izmir’s popularity is
growing. The area includes Turkey’s third largest city but also smaller coastal resorts like windsurfing
Alacati, and quaint Foca.
Although Turkey is situated in a geographical location where climatic conditions are quite temperate, the
diverse nature of the landscape, and the existence in particular of the mountains that run parallel to
the coasts, result in significant differences in climatic conditions from one region to the other. While
the coastal regions enjoy milder climates, the inland Anatolia plateau experiences hot summers and cold
winters with limited rainfall.
Turkey is a year-round destination depending on your itinerary. Although the tourist "high season" (with
associated higher rates) is from mid-June through mid-September, Spring and Fall are the best seasons to
travel. The sun is warm and skies are generally clear. You can expect mild to warm temperatures and some
rain during this time.
A rich mix of vibrant city life and laid back beach life, Turkey has something for everyone. And you’ll
be pleased to hear that there are more than 3,000 Turkey hotels and apartments to pick from, which means
you’ll never be stuck for a place to stay. There is so much to see and do in Turkey (if you’re feeling
active) and it has some of the most beautiful sandy beaches in the world, which is why it has been such
a popular place for groups, couples and families alike, for so many years.
As Turkey has grown in popularity as a tourism destination, so the quality of the country’s hotels has
improved. Much of Turkey’s Mediterranean and Aegean coastline is dotted with mega-resorts, but there are
also a growing number of independent boutique hotels, charming guesthouses, and private villas available
With the splendid Aegean and Mediterranean seas lapping the west and southwest coasts, Turkey doesn’t
lack for beautiful beaches. With luscious coasts tucked between towering cliffs, quiet coves in the
shadow of ancient ruins, and seaside breezes ideal for windsurfing, it’s not hard to find a beach in
Turkey that perfectly suits your taste. So here are some of them:
- Kaputaş Beach:
Tucked between two dramatic cliffs off the road between Kalkan and Kaş, Kaputaş Beach feels like stepping inside a photograph. With turquoise Mediterranean water, this beach is small but very popular, thanks to its convenient location near a major road. Because the beach is situated at the bottom of deep cliffs (hence lots of stairs going down), the noise from the road is a distant memory as you wade in the water.
- Butterfly Valley:
Only accessible by boat or a treacherous climb down a cliff, the beach at the Butterfly Valley is situated in the bottom of a wide valley beneath the village of Faralya. Clear turquoise waters and lush nature attract a laid-back crowd. The valley is a protected nature area, in order to preserve the natural habitat of the valley’s eponymous butterflies, but boat tours depart daily from the port in Ölüdeniz, including a stop at the beach, or there’s a regular taxi boat service. Tour operators will also pick you up from any Fethiye hotel.
Perfect for laid-back travelers who want to stay in a tucked-away, rustic treehouse, the beach at Olympos is relaxed and lovely. The cove contains calm water, and the sandy beach gives way to sprawling ruins nestled in dense forests. Olympos is located on the Lycian Way, so there is ample hiking in the area for those who want to do some more extensive exploring.
- Patara Beach:
Patara’s beach is the longest stretch of sand in Turkey, and one of the few for which you need to buy an admission ticket (5 TL – 0,5 GBP). This is because the beach abuts extensive Lycian ruins, which together make up a well-preserved open-air museum. Patara is one of the nesting grounds for the Caretta Caretta turtles, which are protected, so beachgoers are asked to plant umbrellas no closer than 20 yards from the waterline to protect nests.
This beautiful village is just a short ride outside the city of Fethiye is one of Turkey’s most iconic beaches. The long bend of sandy white beach against azure waters has been deemed the blue lagoon, which actually refers to the lagoon that’s mostly enclosed by the sandbar at the northern tip of the beach (it’s part of Ölüdeniz Natural Park). The long, beautiful shore and the near-constant winds have made Ölüdeniz a popular destination for both vacationers and paragliders, who take in the views of the beach from above.
FLORA AND FAUNA OF TURKEY
Turkey is a place with splendid beauty, has excellent flora and fauna. The geographical location of
Turkey along with its favorable climate has made Turkey very rich about flora and fauna.
The rich Turkish flora includes more than 9.000 varieties of plants. About 3.000 of them are endemic to
Turkey and grow in nature nowhere else in the world. Turkey is the only country in the world under the
influence of 3 botanical geographical regions. Also famous bioclimatists concurred that Turkey is the
only country in the world subject to three main climates. Turkey is the center of origin for more that
30 species of fruits, and also a centre for world's most important plant genetic sources especially for
grains and legumes.
Turkey's fauna is so rich, different types of animals, beautiful birds, fish. 40.000 animal species found
in Turkey are estimated to be over 80% of the ones found in the whole continent of Europe. The diversity
of fauna in Turkey is even greater than that of wild plants. While the number of species throughout
Europe as a whole is around 60.000, in Turkey they number over 80.000. If subspecies are also counted,
then this number rises to over a hundred thousand.
Turkey is one of the most important bird migration routes in the world. The total number of migratory and
local bird species are 456 in Turkey. Besides the diversity of species, Turkey is also an important
habitat for breeding birds like, northern bald ibis, white headed duck, blue cheeked bee eater, spur
winged plover and black francolin that are under the threat of extinction. Turkey's Aegean and
Mediterranean shores provide a refuge for Mediterranean monk seals and Caretta Caretta turtles. Today,
the mountains and national parks still abound with wildlife, such as brown bears, wild boar, lynx,
wolves, mountain goats, water buffalo, the occasional leopard and over 400 species of birds, several of
Turkey is one of the rare countries in the world which has an article related to sports in her
Constitution. Article 59 of the Constitution says, "The State takes measures to develop the physical and
mental health of Turkish citizens of all ages and encourages the spread of sports among the masses. The
State protects successful athletes." In recent years, with investments made in the field of sports,
scientific research and the increase in importance placed by the State on sports policy, sports in
Turkey became a well-liked and interesting event both as a performance sport and for the utilization of
Although soccer is the most popular sport in Turkey, basketball, volleyball, handball, track-and-field
and wrestling (which is considered as the ancestral sport) are also popular. Furthermore, important
international successes have been attained in weightlifting, boxing, taekwon-do, judo and archery in
RESTAURANTS AND TRADITIONAL CUISINE
It is said that there are three major kinds of cuisines in the world; Turkish, Chinese, and French. Fully
justifying its reputation, Turkish Cuisine is always a pleasant surprise for the visitor. In addition to
being the refined product of centuries of experience, Turkish Cuisine has a very pure quality. The
variety and simplicity of the recipes and the quality of the ingredients are guarantees of delicious
Kebabs are dishes of plain or marinated meat either stewed or grilled. Almost every district of Anatolia
has its own kebap specialty. Lamb is the basic meat of Turkish kitchen. Pieces of lamb threaded on a
skewer and grilled over charcoal form the famous Shish kebab known in many countries of the world. Doner
kebab is another famous Turkish dish, being a roll of lamb on a vertical skewer turning parallel to a
hot grill. You should also try different types of Köfte as typical meat dishes.
Turkish sweets are famous throughout the world and many of these have milk as the basic ingredient such
as Sütlaç, Tavuk gögsü, Helva, Kazandibi, Asure. Meanwhile the best-known Turkish dessert is
Among the national drinks one can easily name the Turkish coffee and the Turkish tea, but also ayran,
shira, salgam, sahlep and boza should be mentioned as well. Turkish coffee comes thick and dark in a
small cup and may be served without sugar, with a little sugar or with a lot of sugar. Either way, it is
truly delicious. If you like alcohol you can try Raki made of anise, which is called as "lion's drink"
because you must be strong as a "lion" to drink it.
Mezes are "Hors d'oeuvres" or appetizers figuring mainly at meals accompanied by wine or raki . Eaten
sparingly, they arouse the appetite before the meal proper. Examples of meze include gozleme, fried
aubergines with yogurt, lakerda (bonito pre-served in brine), pastirma (pressed beef), kisir, fish
croquettes, and lambs' brains with plenty of lemon juice. At many restaurants a selection of mezes is
brought to the table on a tray immediately after the drinks are served for the customers to make their
Agriculture is still the occupation of the majority of Turkish people, despite the share of industry and
services are raising constantly. Turkey is one of the few self-sufficient countries in the world in
terms of food. Turkey's fertile soil, adequate climate, and abundant rainfall permit growing almost any
kinds of crops.
In terms of agricultural lands, Turkey is also one of the largest countries in the world. About 35.5% of
the country are arable lands and 15% consists of forests. Around 18.4% of the cultivated land is
irrigated. Vegetable products account for 76% of total agricultural production, then animal husbandry,
meanwhile forestry and fishing contribute a minimal amount. Fruits and field crops make up the most of
vegetable products, wheat being the leading crop. Turkey is the world's biggest producer of hazelnuts,
figs, apricots and raisins, the 4th biggest producer of fresh vegetables and grapes, the 6th biggest
producer of tobacco, the 8th biggest producer of wheat, and the 10th biggest producer of cotton. Tea is
also large produced and exported.
If you're looking for a party during your time in Turkey, you most certainly will not be disappointed.
The largest three regions for clubs and bars are Istanbul, Bodrum Resort and Marmaris (in Dalaman).
Anyone looking to dance and drink the night away will absolutely love these clubbing havens; people from
all over the world converge on these regions because of the famed nightlife, and you could be one of
them this year!
Istanbul - Beyoglu Nightlife
The Beyoglu district of Istanbul is widely known as the club and bar central of the city, located across
the river from the old city, near the modern region of Taksim. Beyoglu has fantastic transport links to
the rest of the city and many of the clubs have fantastic views of the river and the rest of the city.
Although there are bars scattered around Istanbul, Beyoglu is where the largest and most popular are
clustered. Because Istanbul is such a large city, the alcohol and entrance fees will understandably be a
little higher than elsewhere in the country, but if you know where and when to go, it will definitely
If you're looking for a diverse nightlife with a range of clubs offering a variety of music types and
performances from DJ's to live bands and everything in between and a night you will never forget,
Istanbul is the place to be.
Anyone who has partied in Bodrum, or plans to go will think of one place - the Halikarnas Disco. It is
Europe's biggest open air club and has one of the most historically beautiful settings in the area. The
clubs and bars of Bodrum are all along a one mile stretch that runs parallel to the coast, with such a
wide range of entertainment and music types that no one with a desire to dance through the night could
ever get bored. Second only to Istanbul, Bodrum has an outstanding nightlife and should definitely be on
your list of places to visit!
If you're in Dalaman or more specifically Marmaris, and want to drink, dance and laugh the night away
you're most certainly in the right place. With a stretch of bars and night clubs that almost rivals
Bodrum, Marmaris is full of the best places to spend the night (and the following morning) partying. The
nightclubs are fairly classic fun with an abundance of foam parties, podium dancers and cheap drinks,
but that's part of the charm of a place like this. Marmaris might not be Istanbul, but you most
certainly won't ever be bored in such a lively and active place.
To have a great time don’t miss out on the famous festivals in the big cities across Turkey, where in
every area and every season of the year you can come across a festival, and you can color your holidays
with different cultural activities. Especially during the summer and spring months, the emphasis is on
metropolises and holiday resorts, where most festivals are organized. Nevertheless, even in the
smallest part of Anatolian communities, local festivals are organized, and play an important role in
promoting cultural traditions, local cuisine and agriculture products. Big festivals, on the other hand,
usually draw big crowds of both locals and tourists. Depending on your holiday choice, you can attend
these festivals and add a different sort of entertainment to your holiday experience.
Festivals that take place in Istanbul, with the emphasis on the classical music is the Istanbul Music
Festival are jazz, blues and rock genres offer are on Istanbul Opera Festival and Istanbul Dance
Festival, in the spring and summer months. Furthermore, attractive for younger generation is the Rock’n
Coke Festival and Fanta Youth Festival. For those interested in shopping, in the month of June Istanbul
Shopping Festival. For those following modern art, the İstanbul Biennale is held twice a year. For
enthusiasts of independent cinema, in February the Independent Film Festival is held.
If you are spending your holiday in Mediterranean’s most beautiful city, Antalya, you have to visit
Aspendos International Opera and attend the Ballet Festival organized every summer in an antique Roman
amphitheater. The festival, among a historical ruins, presents visitors with extraordinary opera and
ballet performances from the world’s most famous countries. Organized since 1964, Antalya International
Portakal Film Festival, is internationally a well respected film festival and is recognized as an
important international film competition bestowing Altin Portakal awards for superior film
A huge wealth of historical sights, complemented by natural landscapes with sweeping highlands and
pristine stretches of coastline, Turkey is a honeymooners’s paradise. Not just owing to the picture
perfect locales, but the entire package, including the delectable food and the offbeat activities one
can indulge in here. Let’s get a glimpse of how this country that stretches across two continents can
make for a perfect backdrop for your honeymoon:
- Cappadocia: Cappadocia is one of those places that grows on you with every passing moment. An unruly, volcanic landscape to match your own racing hearts, Cappadocia leaves you enthralled, sure to cause a sensation on your honeymoon. Cappadocia is naturally blessed with caves, some of which have been transformed into unique hotel experiences. For a romantic honeymoon you can book a cave hotel for beautiful mornings in your sprawling cove, lazy afternoons at the spa, and evenings by the pool for a quiet, romantic cuddle. Make a Hot-Air-Balloon tour booking one that also includes a hotel pick-up and drop. You’ll witness not just the picturesque landscapes, but also an incredible view of balloons of various colors sprinkled across the skyline. The experience trickles down even after landing, with a bottle of champagne waiting to be popped.
- Pamukkale: Heard of the Hammam right? The traditional Turkish Spa-Bath in a heated marble-floored room is literally the star of Turkey. Now imagine the same in a natural spa, set in terraced hot-pools! Pamukkale, one of UNESCO’s World Heritage sites, is Turkey’s very own backyard-spa. Dipping your feet in warm water, or lazing in abandon with the love of your life is what you’re going to take away from here. The best time to visit would surely be early morning before tourists start pouring in. Rich in minerals, these naturally occurring hot-water pools look like cascades of waterfalls. A picturesque sight, these cliff-like formations are white-water travertine pooled terraces, making them a site for many a romance flicks to be shot.
- Fethiye: All you thrill seekers can look to head to Fethiye for your honeymoon. It’s a nice mix of chilled beach scenes and magnificent mountains. This is a great chance to tick parasailing off your bucket list, as you get to zip and zoom across the Badabag mountains! Spot the Blue Lagoon near Oludeniz village on your trip to Fethiye that sits pretty on Turkey’s Turquoise Coast. There’s more. The Gulf of Fethiye boasts of incredibly clear waters and happens to be a great site for underwater diving. Book a couples’ dive and enjoy this breathtaking experience together. Cruise boats go up and down the gulf, and hailing a private cruiser to profess your love mid-sea is no less of a plan either. Surprise your sweetheart with a day trip to the Greek Island of Rhodes. Fethiye provides entrée to the Rhode islands and a visit can be made in less than two hours aboard a ferry. Rhodes hosts awesome parties, and shaking a leg with your partner would be the perfect way to retire into the night.
Renowned for its rich cuisine, warm hospitality, and thriving tourism, Turkey’s unique geography is also
a bridge between continents and one of the original sites of human settlement. The landscape encompasses
a vast and diverse historical collection, two Wonders of the Ancient World, and 15 UNESCO World Heritage
Sites. Read on to discover Turkey’s top ten treasures that have left their unique mark on world
- Archaeological Site of Troy – Çanakkale
- Ephesus – İzmir
- Hattusha: The Hittite Capital – Çorum
- Mount Nemrut – Adıyaman
- Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük – Konya
- Bursa: The Birth of the Ottoman Empire
- Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia: Nevşehir
- St. Nicholas Church, Demre – Antalya
- Göbekli Tepe – Şanlıurfa
- Hagia Sophia – İstanbul
FOR THE KIDS
Turkey is one of the most popular family friendly destinations in Europe countries with its fantastic
services. Kids love Turkey, because there is plenty of fun for all the family. Over 3000 family friendly
hotels, hundreds of activities for kids. Destinations that are sunny 300 days of the summer. 463 blue
flag beaches and great memories. Over 30 kid friendly museums. Everything you want for a kid friendly
holiday is here in Turkey. Let’s discover all the fun and adventure of a family friendly vacation in
- Eat A Traditional Turkish Breakfast
- Take a Tiny Turkish Adventure at Miniaturk
- Spend a Fun Day at LEGOLAND Discovery Centre
- Be Stunned by The Vast Aquariums
- Watch a Stunning Dolphin Show at Dolphinariums
- Brush Up on Some Adrenaline at Amusement Parks
- Get Them To ‘Play an Adult’ at Kidzania
- Spend Some Family Time at A Turkish Hammam
- Step into The World of Dinosaurs at Jurassic Land
- Explore Antique Toys at Toy Museums
- Ride a Submarine at Rahmi M Koç Museum
- Get a Taste of Turkish Street Food
- Take an Art Workshop at Modern Art Museums
- Check Out Vintage Cars at Ural Ataman Classic Car Museum
- Explore the Under-Bowels of The City at Basilica Cistern
- Glimpse the Ottoman Empire at Topkapi Palace
- Take the Bosphorus Cruise
- Take in The City View from Galata Tower
- Ride the Nostalgic Tram
- Indulge Their Sweet Tooth
Turkey is a shopping paradise, from antique shops and chic designer boutiques to shopping malls,
historical bazaars to local markets but you need to know some tricks of shopping. Shopping can be a very
lively experience for those who have never been in the country before. Ever since the days of the Silk
Road, Turkey has been a magnet for merchants purveying in the exotic and wonderful, and those in search
of retail therapy. Shopping is a really nice thing to do in your spare time while you are in Turkey.
Here are some of the biggest shopping malls in Turkey:
Cevahir Mall in Istanbul: Also known as Istanbul Cevahir Shopping and Entertainment Centre, it is not
only the biggest shopping mall in Istanbul but also the biggest shopping mall in Europe. It is also the
6th biggest shopping mall in the world. Designed in traditional Arabic style, with palm trees inside;
the mall is also home to cinemas, delicious food and entertainment.
ANKA Mall in Ankara: This is the second largest shopping mall in Turkey after Cevahir Mall in İstanbul.
ANKA Mall hosts over 320 different brands including locally and internationally famous ones and it also
offers a movie theatre with 10 halls and kids zone. It's an amazing place in Turkey to take your
Mall of Istanbul: Mall of Istanbul is one of the biggest malls of Turkey and hosts the leading brands in
the world attracting hordes of tourists every year. Because of the variety and the extensive numbers f
stores it offers, the mall is amongst the most popular one in the country. Come here for some of the
best shopping in Turkey.
Terra City in Antalya: Terra City is the most luxurious shopping centre located in Lara, which is the
most prestigious area of Antalya city. With its 150 stores and 30 restaurants and cafes, it brings a new
style of shopping concept. The shops are mainly high-end designer brands including the likes of
Burberry, Hugo Boss, Façonnable, Gizia and more.
Agora Avm in Izmir: Izmir is an innovative and dynamic name of fashion and entertainment. From clothing,
accessories, household textiles, cosmetics, to the number of restaurants offering international
cuisines, it has become the largest shopping centre in Izmir.
Turkish people are known for being among the most hospitable in the world. The authentic multicultural
life and the striking natural beauty of the country factors into the reasons as to why Turkey is
increasingly becoming a popular study destination as well. When considering the large strides the
country has made in drawing international students to its universities, it is primarily due to the
efforts of the Turkish government, who intend to have around 350,000 students from outside the
As of now, Turkey is home to around 206 higher education institutions which provide education for over 8
million students. Additionally, more than ten universities have been consistently ranked among the top
500 universities in the world. Aside from its high quality education, the country is also known for its
cheap and relatively effortless living conditions.
Turkey is home to numerous universities that offer very low tuition fees but they do not operate on a
tuition fee-free basis. In general, the country is not known for expensive degrees and have several
cheap universities in Turkey. If considering an average amount, tuition fees can range from 0600 to over
01500 in particular. As for the cost of living, with the easy conditions of living, students can expect
to pay between 0300 to 0400 on a monthly basis.
Turkey is a leading player in the medical tourist/healthcare facilitation industry. It is increasingly
emerging as the destination of choice for a wide range of medical procedures. Turkey's advantage in
medical tourism is the high number of accredited hospitals in ophthalmic surgeries, bariatric and
metabolic surgery, plastic surgery, transplantation and oncologic treatments as well as its affordable
prices, high-quality service, and is a leading tourism destination with historical, cultural and natural
Medical tourism has become a booming sector in Turkey, with 700,000 people visiting the country last
year. Many people come to Turkey due to the cost, quality, waiting period and ultimate facilities in the
healthcare sector. The Joint Commission International has accredited 32 hospitals in Turkey; mostly
located in Istanbul. In 2008, Turkey hosted 75,000 visitors for medical tourism. The figure has
increased tenfold in 10 years and the expectation is 850.000 visitors for 2018.
Turkey provides better quality treatment at lower costs when compared to Europe, the U.S. and other
western countries. Some surgeries are 90 per cent cheaper than other countries. However, the
infrastructure and healthcare facilities offering world-class standards. Also, Turkey combines the best
of healthcare with an exceptional holiday.
For example, the cost of angiography is 047,000 in the U.S., 013,000 in Singapore, 011,000 in India and
010,000 in Thailand, while 05,000 in Turkey. Similarly, the cardiac valve surgery is 0150,000 in the
U.S. and 017,000 in Turkey. Furthermore, procedure waiting time was a maximum of two weeks excluding
transplantation, but this process could reach 18 months in western countries.
Turkey was ranked third in medical tourism by the International Medical Travel Journal (IMTJ). The U.S.
was the first and South Korea the second in the list, while Thailand was the fourth and Germany fifth.
On top of its impressive accreditation credentials, some hospitals have partnerships with top American
hospitals such as Harvard Medical Center and Johns Hopkins and are staffed with many highly skilled,
English speaking, and western trained doctors. Also, many hospitals offer 5-star accommodations for
patients and their families.
Turkey is unusual in that its legislature has only one chamber. This ‘unicameral’ approach means that the
Grand National Assembly of Turkey (GNAT) deals with the entire legislative process. In most countries,
there are two chambers – for example, the Senate and House of Representatives in the US or the House of
Commons and the House of Lords in the UK.
The Assembly has 550 seats. Members are directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by a proportional
representation vote and serve a four-year term. Laws may be proposed by members of the Assembly or by
Council of Ministers.
The Council of Ministers is the body that exercises supreme executive authority in Turkey. It is composed
of the heads of the major ministries. Ministers are appointed by the President on the advice of the
Turkey's banking system offers a wide range of advanced and modern banking and financial services. All
banks in Turkey are controlled by the Banking Association of Turkey to ensure compliance with
regulations and quality standards.
Turkey's official currency is the Turkish Lira (TL), which is divided into 100 kurus (kurush).
All the banks provide websites, Internet banking, telephone banking and ATM banking services in English.
There are also a number of foreign banks operating in Turkey such as Citibank, Eurobank Tekfen, Fortis
Bank, HSBC, ING Bank. Anybody, Turkish or foreign; resident or not, can open a bank account in
Although Turkey is a big country, it is very easy and affordable to travel around the country. You can
get around Turkey using the airplanes, public transport, rental cars, intercity bus services, high speed
trains, ferryboats and walking routes.
There are many types of taxi, share-taxi and minibus in operation. Taxis are numerous in all Turkish
cities and towns and are recognisable by their chequered black and yellow bands. Cycling through Turkey
is entirely possible but cyclists are advised to make sure they are prepared for the heat, and ensure
bikes are in good condition as the rough roads are frequent, especially in the countryside. There is an
extensive bus network around Turkey linking the larger urban centres to smaller villages, and if you're
willing to put up with long-distance overland travel, these can be much cheaper than taking domestic
flights. Ankara has a four-line metro system; Istanbul's is more extensive but covers mainly the more
central areas of the city. The Marmaray tunnel, an underground railway under the Bosphorus rive,
connects the European side of Istanbul to the Asian side of the city in just eight minutes.
Finally you can find “dolmuş” everywhere in Turkey. A dolmuş is a collective taxi or minibus which
follows specific routes. Each passenger pays according to the distance travelled to specific stops. The
fares are fixed by the municipality. The dolmuş provides services within large cities to suburbs,
airports and often to neighbouring towns. This is a very practical means of transport and much cheaper
than a taxi. Taxis may turn into a dolmuş and vice versa according to demand.
COST OF LIVING
Turkey is the 2nd cheapest country in Middle East (9 out of 10). Cost of living in Turkey is cheaper than
in 95% of countries in the World (83 out of 87). Family of four estimated monthly costs: €1,532.
So let’s look at some individual item costs :
- Monthly rent average 85m2 - 423 Euros, utilities (heating, gas, electric) - 73 Euros
- Monthly rent studio/one bed 45m2 - 182 Euros, utilities 52 Euros
- Internet 8 mbps monthly - 8 Euros
- Flat Screen TV 40” - 308 Euros
- Quality international microwave - 71 Euros
- 1 litre gas (1/4 gallon) - 0.88 Euros
- Monthly ticket public transport - 24 Euros
- Volkswagen Golf, standard – 22,589 Euros
- Dinner for two in local restaurant incl. wine - 30 Euros
- Dinner for two in International restaurant - 50 Euros
- 1 pint of beer - 2.85 Euros
- 1 month gym membership - 24 Euros
- Coffee Gloria Jeans – 1,89 Euros
- 1 pack of Marlboro cigarettes 2.17 Euros
- 1 litre milk - 0.62 Euros
- 12 eggs – 1,5 Euros
- 1kg tomatoes – 0,66 Euros
- 500g boneless chicken breast – 1,65 Euros
- 500g local cheese – 2,53 Euros
- 1kg apples – 0,65 Euros
- 1 kg potatoes - 0.50 Euros
- 0.5 L Beer – 1,51 Euros
- 1 bottle red wine (quality) - 9 Euros
- Bread for one day (2 people) - 0.27 Euros
Turkey's developing economy offers lucrative investment opportunities in infrastructure across a wide
variety of sectors including transportation, healthcare, and energy. According to the World Bank, Turkey
ranks 3rd globally in Public-Private Partnership (PPP) projects, with a total contract value of USD 165
billion from 1990 to 2015. With a successful track record of over 220 PPP implementations across a
diversified portfolio of infrastructure assets, Turkey has been able to realize around 80 percent of
those projects over the past decade.
Turkey has solid rationales for investment in infrastructure:
The Turkish economy exhibits a robust annual GDP growth rate of 5.5 percent on average. Turkey's 82
million strong population is growing by an additional 1 million every year; this is coupled with a rapid
urbanization process that has resulted in more than 20 urban centers with populations over 1 million,
and of which 9 of those 20 have populations of over 2 million. Turkey's growing international trade
volume and strategic location compel the country to develop its infrastructure.
As a bridge between the East and the West, Turkey leads the Middle Corridor at the heart of the Belt and
Road Initiative (BRI). Hosting more than 600,000 foreign patients a year, Turkey has significantly
improved the quality of its healthcare services and will continue to invest in healthcare infrastructure
to catch up with OECD. From transportation to healthcare and to energy, ample opportunities from mega to
micro projects are available in the pipeline.
Turkey has favorable investment legislation for PPP investments that may be realized through various
models, such as build-operate, build-operate-transfer, transfer of operational rights, etc. Turkey's
government provides various forms of support and incentives to accelerate the project development.
Turkey's investment climate is further strengthened by domestic and international laws that protect
investments and provide international arbitration. Turkey's macroeconomic policies, investments, and
more importantly, strong public finance management, support PPP investments that require guaranteed
Turkey is a spacious country located between two continents, Europe and Asia. Thus, airports and air
travel are among the best ways to maintain connections within the country. And also from all parts of it
with the rest of the world. Currently Turkey has 57 major domestic and international Airports. You can
be sure you will reach where you want to without any trouble as these airports are very accessible.
Airports in Turkey are famous for their modern and user-friendly architecture and facilities, making your
travel an amazing experience. Airports in Turkey are very well oriented around the country. By
facilitating trade and tourism in Turkey, airports and air travel generates economic growth and helps in
providing jobs and moving cargos.
International Airports in Turkey
- New International Airport, Istanbul
- Sabiha Gokcen Airport, Istanbul
- Adnan Menderes Airport, Izmir
- Antalya International Airport, Antalya
- Esenboga Airport, Ankara
- Dalaman Airport, Mugla
- Milas Bodrum Airport, Mugla
- Trabzon Airport, Trabzon
New International Airport, Istanbul: The slogan of Istanbul New Airport is the “future of travelling”,
and that gives air passengers a good idea of how high they are setting the bar for air travel comfort.
The new airport opened its doors to the public on April 6th 2019, and so far, positive reviews are
raving about the service, Wi-Fi connection, app, and impressive architecture.
Currently, passengers use terminals of the first construction phase, but there are still three more to
complete by the final date of 2023. When this happens, a staggering amount of 200 million passengers
will travel through it every year, and final construction costs will total 12 billion USD.
Turkey’s largely free-market economy is driven by its industry and, increasingly, service sectors,
although its traditional agriculture sector still accounts for about 25% of employment. The automotive,
petrochemical, and electronics industries have risen in importance and surpassed the traditional
textiles and clothing sectors within Turkey’s export mix.
SIX REASONS WHY FOREIGNERS LOVE TURKEY
In the last 30 years, dreams of living abroad have become a reality for many people. Reciprocal
agreements between countries regarding property and travel, along with the internet and a more
independent style of living have made all of this possible. One country frequently mentioned as an ideal
foreigners’ destination is Turkey.
Thousands of foreigners live here, either permanently or splitting their time with their countries of
origin. Including Asians, Russians, Westerners, Eastern Europeans, and Middle Eastern nationalities,
demographics show that they settle mainly in the biggest city of Istanbul or along the Aegean and
Mediterranean coasts. Why foreigners love Turkey?
A Healthy Interest Rate on Savings: Currently, many banks in Turkey offer roughly 8 to 11% interest on
savings and time accounts, dependent on the deposited cash amount. This in itself is an attractive lure
for the many British foreigners who struggle to receive 1% interest on their UK savings accounts.
However, they take it one-step further because many of these accounts allow you to withdraw the interest
on a monthly basis. This gives a living allowance without having to touch on capital and net worth.
Foreigners who have sold property in their home countries take advantage of the interest rate by
depositing the cash from their home sales in the accounts.
Low Cost of Living: Turkey has a low cost of living compared to many other nations. Although prices and
the cost of living are higher in cities, in many of the smaller resorts, a foreigner who owns property,
doesn’t drive or smoke and only drinks occasionally, can live on roughly 400 GBP a month.
You don’t need a television licence, and annual council tax charges are still a small fraction of that in
the UK. Water is incredibly cheap with a single person on a meter averaging a bill of roughly 10 GBP a
month, and unlimited monthly internet is approximately 10 GBP.
A frugal person will spot many opportunities while living in Turkey to adhere to a monthly budget, while
others who are interested in the quality of life will get value for money.
Low Property Prices: The lure of value for money continues with low property prices, enabling expats who
are downsizing from their home country to save thousands. A perfect example of a small coastal resort
that attracts customers with ideal property prices is Altinkum on the Aegean coast. Also known as Didim,
two bedroom apartments average at around £40,000. The Mediterranean coast of Turkey generally has higher
property prices, but Fethiye also offers excellent value.
Including the districts of Ovacik, Oludeniz, Hisaronu, Calis beach, and the main city centre, the
starting price of a home here is roughly £50,000. The Turkish real estate market is in full flow now
with affordable prices and an abundance of choice whether buyers want off-plan, new build, or resale
Summer Weather: It sounds cliché, but warm weather and hot summer days are still one of the top reasons
why expats move to Turkey. While December, January and February can be dampening with rain and in some
places snow, expats are prepared to wait it out for the gorgeous weather descending on Turkey from March
July and August are the hottest months with temperatures sometimes reaching as high as 40 degrees Celsus,
but the coastal resorts with their long sandy beaches, sailing and swimming opportunities are too hard
Easy-going Lifestyle: Foreigners who do not work enjoy an easy going and healthy lifestyle, especially in
the coastal resorts. For many years, scientists have promoted the benefits of seaside living including
cleaner air, easing of mental disorders such as stress, anxiety, and depression. Couple this fact with
Turkey’s insistence of eating a healthy diet of fresh fruit, vegetables, and fish, foreigners just have
to do a little bit of exercise, and they have all the components for a healthy lifestyle.
The general vibe for someone without commitments is also a great lure as foreigners find themselves with
more time to pursue hobbies such as walking, reading, golf, or photography. In many destinations,
established groups offer help on settling in, navigating red tape or even just socialising with
like-minded people and it is easy for a foreigner to adopt the more relaxed lifestyle than that of back
Turkey is a Beautiful Country: Lastly, there is no denying that Turkey is a beautiful country with scenic
landscapes. Fethiye dwellers have the Blue Lagoon, the most photographed beach in Turkey on their
doorstep while expats in Antalya are treated to spectacular views from places such as Tahtali
Bodrum residents enjoy all the benefits of sailing the Turkish Riviera while Marmaris, nestled in a large
bay is the typical picture postcard scene. Further, inland, the pools of Pamukkale are a natural wonder
while the lunar landscape of Cappadocia has enticed many expats for a four day get-away.
On the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts of Turkey, watching the sunset over the horizon is a favoured
pastime while many of our expat customers love the sandy beaches and warm blue waters for swimming and
TURKEY FACTS AND FIGURES
POPULATION VISITORS: 51,747,000
AVERAGE INCOME: Ofﬁcial 2,110 TL
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT: $813,810 billion
REAL GROWTH RATE: 6%
INDUSTRIES/EMPLOYMENT: textiles, food processing, automotive, electronics, tourism, mining of coal, chromate, copper and boron, steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, and paper.
NATURAL RESOURCES: coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower
GOVERNMENT: republican and presidential parliamentary democracy
CAPTAL CITY: Ankara
LAND AREA: Turkey is 36th biggest country in the World– 783,356 km2
CURRENCY: Turkish Lira (TL)
LANGUAGE: Turkish, English widely spoken
RELIGION: Moderate Muslim
TIME ZONE: GMT+3
DIALING CODE: +90
ELECTRICITY: 220 volts, 50 Hz, with round-prong European-style plugs that fit into recessed wall sockets /points.